Flood Information And Facts
Floods have been ranked among the most common disasters that cause adverse effects to the welfare of individuals and to the growth of their community. Millions of properties are destroyed as thousands of individuals lose their lives or obtain health problems that leave a permanent scar in their lives.
Due to global warming and the unpredictable climatic changes flood incidents have increased. As a result, there is a plethora of flood information available on the internet, in the libraries or at the offices of the local municipal council. Churches and schools have also embarked on programs geared towards educating the community the effects of floods, how to adequately prepare themselves in case of a flood incident and rebuilding the community after the disaster.
Flood Information to Help Prepare
Floods occur when land is immersed by a sudden multitude of water which may be caused by excessive rain, levee or dam ruptures, rapid ice melts, overflow of rivers and streams beyond their banks or a surge of the sea due to tsunami and large storms. According to historical flood information, floods may occur over a few days or hours thereby enabling individuals to safely evacuate to other locations. On the other hand, flash floods occur instantaneously and abruptly without giving any warning. These types of floods are very dangerous because perhaps 1000s of people, especially those that have not assumed emergency preparations lose their lives. Anything that is in the way of a powerful flood is destroyed and swept downstream with an amazing amount of force provided by Mother Nature.
Scientific experts classify floods in accordance to their regularity in occurrence. Recorded flood information tells us the most dangerous type is the hundred-year flood. It has a probability of occurring only once in a century, but when it does it is devastating. However, with the adverse weather pattern changes this type of flood seems to occur more unpredictably and regularly facts that are very frightening. According to the recorded flood information, US records a death toll of about 140 people and damage worth approximately six billion every year. Globally, a damage of about three trillion is recorded in the coastal regions. While in the last century, millions of individuals perished as a result of flooding in the Yellow River Valley of China.
Other after-effects of floods include deposition of mud and blanketed silt on the affected areas. These deposits left by the flood water may contain substances like fuel, pesticides, sharp debris, and untreated sewage that are a health hazard of environmental contaminants. The dirty water may also lead to development of waterborne diseases such as hepatitis A, cholera, typhoid and dysentery. Moreover, there is an enormous growth of molds which cause grave harm to structures that have already being soaked with water and are unhealthy to breath into the lungs. Since there power failure is involved there is a lack of clean water supply to aid in clean up which makes matters worse.
According to much of the latest flood information, most of the flood destruction is caused by humans and their desire to develop. For instance, there is an array of individuals that live in flood-prone areas such as picturesque coastlines, river valleys and wetlands. These are areas that would have otherwise acted as natural buffers to flood waters. However, the human race has chosen to eliminate most of the natural flood barriers such as trees and natural land structures so as to build homes and business establishments.
Our website has other articles on flood information as well a host of quality material on how to create your home emergency plan. Be sure and visit again as we are always adding others.