The Importance of Flood Emergency Information
Flooding is a natural disaster that is very common and severe in many parts of the world. In fact there are few places high enough where people do not have to worry about flooding. Though flooding is primarily caused by heavy rain, this is not the only way they happen. Unexpected hurricanes, tsunamis and global warming can also come into play. For this reason it is important that everyone has up to date flood emergency information in order to have a more dependable disaster plan set up.
The global factors that influence flooding can be summed up into one word, namely global warming. As the global temperatures rise, studies have revealed that large amounts of ice in the Artic regions have begun to reduce in size. The resultant effect of the ice caps melting is the sea level rising. This ultimately means that many coastal towns stand a large chance of being permanently flooded
Weather factors that cause flooding include hurricanes, tsunamis and even snow storms. All these factors have drastic effects on all the affected areas. When the snow from snow storms eventually thaws out, water levels can rise very quickly.
As we all know, hurricanes and tsunamis can be totally devastating. In the case of a tsunami, picture a wall of water taller than your home crashing down on your town. Not only does this tower of water crush everything in its path, it floods the towns for several days, weeks even. Hurricanes can also result in floods that can last for weeks after the hurricane has landed.
Basic flood emergency records state that floods cause over six billion in damages every year in the United States alone. Moreover, there are an estimated 140 deaths that accompany these floods. Flash floods in the China’s Yellow river Valley have seen millions of people die in the past century alone.
There are also several after effects of floods. Once the flood waters have receded, the soil is often caked with silt and mud. This makes it especially difficult to resume agriculture production and a lot of land preparation has to be done for the farming process to begin again. In some cases, the soil may have hazardous contaminants that have been carried from sewage treatment plants or other forms of dangerous chemicals.
This is of course the same in the home situation. If the house survived there is a huge cleanup process which can also include being careful about chemicals and contaminants. If the water is not removed quickly molds and other bacteria that are very dangerous to the lungs can start growing in certain areas. Worse yet there can be other health hazards lurking in the resulting trash and garbage that has washed into the house.
Having accurate flood emergency records are important so as to investigate which flood emergency plans are effective and which ones are not. Due to properly maintained flood records, governments are able to accurately advise their citizens on what measures to take if a flood should occur. These measures may include advising citizens on how to build flood resistant structures so as to minimize damage and purchasing flood insurance on their properties.
At times thanks to flood emergency records, governments are able to resettle people on reclaimed flood land. A great example of this is the ambitious Netherlands land reclamation project which used a levee and dyke system to guard against further flooding.