Emergency Survival Kits
Preparing Emergency Survival Kits
How well you survive in an emergency or any other event will depend on how prepared you are. Being prepared for an emergency entails having an emergency plan and an emergency survival kit in place. There are different types of emergency survival kits. The type of survival kit will depend on the nature of potential disasters that you may face.
In hot and dry areas, a survival kit will include more water and less warm clothes, may include sun screen, sun glasses and hats. In icy, cold areas, there may be less water and more warm clothing.
However, there are certain common contents in all types of emergency survival kits. The emergency survival kits at a minimum will contain items that you need irrespective of the type of emergency or the location of the emergency.
Water – This should be found in all types of emergency survival kits. Nobody can survive without drinking water. It is recommended that your emergency kit should have enough water to get you through a minimum three days. Some emergency kits will not come with water. Instead they will come with water purification tablets for places where water is available but may be contaminated.
Food – Food is also a very essential component for your survival kit. The food in your kit should be easy to prepare, preferably ready to eat, and require very little water to prepare. The food should not be perishable. Energy bars are a useful item to add to your survival kit.
First aid kit – A first aid kit should be found in all emergency survival kits. Contents to be included in your first aid kit include sterile dressings, bandages, gauze, gauze tape, cotton, antihistamine cream and tablets, surgical blades, suture kit, gloves, disinfectant, antibiotic cream and tablets, any prescription medicine you are on and anything else you deem necessary.
A source of light – This can be a flashlight or candles. It is better to include both in your survival kit. The flashlight should also have a spare set of batteries. Also keep matches handing to light your candle.
A small radio or television – It is helpful to be able to keep track of the happenings, particularly those surrounding the emergency.
Spare batteries – You should be well stocked in spare batteries for your flashlight and for your portable radio or TV.
Cell phone – This is to enable you to communicate with friends or family not with you at the moment during the emergency. The battery should be fully charged and the phone book should include emergency contacts.
Cash – You should have some cash in small denominations. You never know when you will need it.
Personal hygiene items- This will include plastic buckets and bags for disposal of waste, wet wipes and toilet paper, sanitary towels or tampons for the ladies.
Emergency survival kits can be store bought or you can make one for yourself. A home-made one has the advantage of being personalized for your specific, unique needs.