Emergency Response Plans
Emergency Response Plans - Are You Prepared?
Emergencies can arise from natural disasters such as earthquakes and tornadoes or man-made disasters such as road accidents, fires and crime. It is quite sad that a good number of people are being caught unprepared. This is partly because of busy schedules that make many families keep postponing planning for emergencies. Being prepared for emergencies is something that no family should take for granted. Preparedness for an emergency can be the key to survival. It is, therefore, crucial for any family or company to have emergency response plans as a measure to increase survival chances during an emergency.
Good quality emergency response plans should address the following issues.
Scope. This is the first part of the plan and it gives the summary of the plan. It indicates the purpose of the plan, its objectives and what it covers. It is the indicator of the capacity and extent of the plan.
Authority. This section covers who to inform or go to in case of an emergency. This is normally dependent on the type of emergency. For minor emergencies it could be family members or the boss at work and for major emergencies it may require involving county or state authorities. Emergencies normally create some level of confusion and it is important for all to know who is in charge.
Roles and responsibilities. This section should detail who does what in case of an emergency. This is a critical part of any emergency response plans . It shows how responsibilities are delegated among team members or family members. It details who is in charge of the recovery process as well as the procedures to be used.
Resources required. This section gives the resources required to enable people survive an emergency. An important resource is an emergency kit. Emergency response plans should detail the basic components of an emergency kit. These are things like food and water, clothing and shelter, hygiene items, communication and light tools and first aid items.
First aid locations. This section will offer information on where first aid can be obtained or where a family or building occupants should assemble in case of an emergency. These locations can also be referred to as assembly points.
Prevention measures. Some man-made disasters are avoidable and this section of the emergency response plan gives tips on this. For instance road accidents can be reduced by responsible driving. Burglary can be reduced by ensuring children do not open the door for strangers and also the installation of alarm systems.
Options available for psychological counseling. Emergencies, especially major ones can cause a lot of trauma on the victims. Good emergency response plans should indicate the need for counseling and also where the services can be availed.
Emergency response plans are basically rules and regulations that govern how people respond to any emergency. With an increasing number of emergency situations being experienced today, a definite emergency response plan is a must for all. This will greatly increase chances of survival in the event of a disaster taking place.