Emergency Readiness for Disasters
Emergency readiness is no longer the exclusive job of emergency and medical teams. In this day and age everyone needs to have a personal emergency readiness plan. The recent earthquake and tsunami in Japan were a huge reminder of how suddenly emergencies occur and the fact that we can never be too prepared. Though it is not possible to predict or know when a disaster will strike, we can minimize the damage by being prepared for any eventuality.
On top of the traditional natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, landslides, wild fires, tornadoes and hurricanes, the modern world today is exposed to the threat of terrorist attacks. The September 11 attacks proved that terrorism is a real and present danger. Emergency readiness can be a life saver should an unseen disaster occurr.
There are a few things to be done when instituting an emergency readiness plan. The most important thing to do is to put together an ‘emergency kit’. The kit will comprise of all the supplies and equipment you will need in the event of an emergency. Some necessary items to include in your emergency kit are listed below.
Food – In the aftermath of a disaster, a necessary like food may not be accessible. It is a good idea to stock pile some food so that you do not starve to death. These should be high energy foods. Try to include food that is in cans as these will not go bad quickly. Also, try as much as possible to include food that does not require cooking. Military type food and energy bars are a useful addition to your emergency readiness kit. Keep food that will last for at least three days, but longer is preferable.
Water – Safe, clean drinking water is top priority in any situation. You should keep at least a week supply of water. Store the water in bottles to keep it clean.
Flashlight - A source of light in the even there is power outage. The flashlight should also have a set of spare batteries.
Portable radio or television – This is so as to be able to watch or listen to the news and any other updates on the emergency. Spare batteries are essential.
First aid kit – Typical contents in a first aid kit are bandages, gauze, loves, gloves, pain killers, antihistamines and antibiotics. This is a very important component of the emergency readiness kit.
Cell phone – The battery should be fully charged. The phone book should include a list of emergency contacts and any other contacts of family and friends you would want to reach in an emergency.
Cash – It is always a good idea to have some spare cash.
Other essential items to include are a change of clothing, a sleeping bag, personal hygiene items and any items that you may need. However, the emergency readiness kit should be easy to carry and not too heavy in case you have to move to a different location. A rucksack is a good type of bag to carry your essentials in.