Emergency Preparations

How to Plan for Home Emergencies

Emergency Preparations - What are yours?

With the increasing incidents of tornadoes, earthquakes, floods, forest fires, hurricanes, tropical storms, drought, climate change and solar flares individuals should be aware of the necessary emergency preparations to undertake. The occurrence of these natural disasters may have been accelerated by certain human activities such as air pollution which has led to global warming. Therefore, the chances for these disasters to occur again are high and since the causes are coming from Mother Nature controlling them are impossible. The only solution is to adequately prepare for the disaster. Emergency preparedness is vital because after the occurrence of a disaster all services and amenities such as health care, clean water, gas, food, clothing and shelter are cut off.

When there is a disaster it may take a while before relief or disaster aid is availed. Depending on the degree of the disaster it may take a few hours to days before any kind of aids are offered. Therefore, individuals need to always plan for emergency preparations so as to be able to survive in such situations.

For example, it is advisable for individuals to formulate a disaster plan for the household. Each room should have an escape route and all the members of the family should ensure they are familiar with them. In addition, it is recommendable to identify about two meeting points where all the family members should assemble in case of occurrence of a disaster. One should be located near the home while the other should be a short distance away from the home in case the area surrounding the home is adversely affected by the disaster. This will help the family members to stay together and quickly notice if any of them is missing. Conversely, immediate rescue aid will be deployed to the disaster site thereby increasing the probability of saving life.

Alternatively, a phone number of a relative or friend whom the family members can call to confirm that they are okay when a disaster occurs should be identified. Other important household emergency preparations include teaching all the family members to switch off gas, electricity and water at the main switch when there is a high probability for disaster occurrence. Likewise, it is important to teach children to dial 911 whenever they sense they are in danger.

Also, among the important emergency preparations include keeping basic amenities such as water, canned food and instant food products like milk either in vehicles, workplace and home surrounding. Stored food and water should be changed after every six months or before they expire to curb food poisoning and other related stomach ailments.

Individuals that own pets should also remember to cater for their arrangements in case of disaster occurrence. The pet should always wear a micro-chipped collar to enhance its traceability in case it gets lost. Pets’ food and water should also be included in the emergency food storage. In order to restrain the pet when in panic it can be placed in its cage or carrier. Conversely, a pet’s disaster kit should be stored together with the family’s disaster kit.