Emergency Medical Evacuation

How to Plan for Home Emergencies


No one likes to hear emergency sirens, especially when it comes to any type of highway accident or medical evacuation needs. Emergency medical evacuation can be devastating typically involving life dependant or life saving equipment. Evacuation insinuates being removed, and that is precisely what medical evacuation does, they move you to a place of safety or one that will attend your injuries away from the scene or location of emergency.

Medical evacuation includes many facets. It is used during war, fires, natural disasters, vehicle accidents and transfer from hospital to hospital for special treatment cases. Medical staff in these situations are well versed in the practice of their profession and often save lives. Treatment is administered to patients while being rushed to the nearest medical facility, therefore, expertise and knowledge about accident victim circumstances is critical.

Paramedics must have exemplary qualifications requiring three to five years previous experience in fast paced environments. Plus additional requirements could include cardiac life support, pediatric and basic trauma life support levels of training and experience. The ability to stay calm under pressure and effectively commit to the present situation.

Emergency medical evacuation can involve a serious highway accident involving many vehicles. Medically equipped helicopters may be required to transport critically injured patients to distant facilities from the scene of the accident. Or medical ground transportation needed to carry injured parties to the closest hospital. These evacuation teams are professional medics with ethics and standards closely followed.

In natural disasters such as flooding, many are able to fend for themselves and help where needed if possible. Others with health issues and disabilities need emergency medical evacuation personnel and equipment to get them away from the disaster to safe treatment centres. Evacuation in such instances can take days, sometimes weeks with emergency medical evacuation personnel on duty 24/7.

On a less dramatic but just as intense instance, is the basic heart attack. If you or someone you know has a heart attack at home, emergency medical care is dispatched to your location. The ambulance paramedics will instantly analyze your degree of pain, take vital statistics and report your condition to the hospital emergency ward in preparation for your arrival. Once the medics feel you are able to withstand transportation, the emergency medical evacuation takes place. You are loaded onto the ambulance and whisked away to hospital and recovery.

Search and Rescue are only one method of medical evacuation. This service is used when medical attention and trauma due to situations such as being buried in the snow from avalanche activity, or hypothermia from being lost in the mountains and being exposed to the elements. Emergency medical evacuation is typically involved for these search and rescue missions. These services are expensive, and if called upon because the victim discards rules regarding the safety of avalanche areas when skiing, they are billed for the expense. The experienced personnel that work to save people’s lives, often put their own lives in jeopardy for the safety concerns of others.