Emergency Evacuation Plan
Emergency Evacuation Plan - Be Prepared
An emergency crisis can happen anytime and anywhere… Humans usually respond to these events as per how they are trained. An Emergency Evacuation Plan is one’s perfect guide to avoid stampede and confusion in times of major casualties.
In a nutshell, an Emergency Evacuation Plan is a form of strategy that people should follow in order to escape from a threatening or hazardous environment in the shortest span of time possible. These environmental threats and hazards may come in the form of a) a natural phenomenon such as fire, earthquake, hurricane, and flood; or b) man-made casualties such as threats of mass bombings and terrorist attacks that can greatly endanger the life of the persons situated in a certain area.
An Emergency Evacuation Plan may be prepared for domestic or industrial use. All families should have a strategy on how to exit the house is case of fire. Local government units must also have a strategy on making mass evacuations in cases of flood or volcanic eruptions. In many countries such as the U.S. industrial institutions are all required to have an Evacuation Plan for both the employers and employees to escape orderly from the working area in times of threat. Institutions must follow emergency protocols and they must strictly adhere to the Emergency Evacuation Plan as per order of the U.S. Department of Labor.
Emergency Evacuation Plans must not only be furnished on paper but must be practiced as well. Schools, households, and industrial institutions usually have drills and demonstrations so that the people can practice their Evacuation Plan.
Large institutions and industrial companies follow a well-established Emergency Evacuation Plan that is far more difficult to achieve compared to those of households; home owners can definitely make their own house’s Emergency Evacuation Plan. Home evacuation Plans are usually fire-oriented because this is the type of emergency most commonly occurring in households.
This article will hopefully help one make his or her own household emergency plan and thus be able to deal with the situation calmly.
Making an Emergency Evacuation Plan
The first thing to do is to make a floor plan of the house and from there, plan the escape strategy. Using a fire escape grid in drawing the house’s floor plan would help a lot. Each floor of the house must be drawn and included in the escape strategy. Take note of all possible exits (doors and windows). In each room, there should be two possible ways to escape. Arrows should be drawn, showing which way one ought to go. Then, at the end of the arrow, a meeting spot should be determined.
Note: Always instruct the children to remain at the meeting place even if an adult is not yet there – no matter how long. Have the security bars checked, make sure that these can be released so that firefighters can enter thru the window. Also make sure that fire alarms are working well and have batteries. Change fire alarms every ten years or depending on the manufacturer’s instructions.
Things to remember in case of – FIRE!
Waste no time. Fire can spread even faster than one can say the word “HELP!” Small fire break-outs can still be handled by extinguishers, but for the full-blown ones, head to the nearest exist. Do not call 911. Do not get valuable items. Move fast, but stay calm.
Always check the doors. Never open them instantly. First check it using the back of the hand. If it’s hot, never open it. Instead, use the windows. There must be fire in the room that’s on the other side of the door, that’s why it’s hot. And remember, fire needs oxygen, which means, a burning room has less oxygen than a non-burning room. If one happens to open the door, there’s a tendency for the fire in the burning room to spread to the room that one had just opened.
Crawl while moving. Gas and smoke from the fire is hot so it will have to go upward. Crawling is the best way to move and follow the arrows on the exit plan without getting oneself suffocated. Never go back into the house. If someone is missing, let the firefighters take care of it, do not add to their people to be rescued list.
Having a family meeting and discussing the Emergency Evacuation Plan with all family members is a good idea to ensure that the household knows what to do in case of fire. It is also essential to practice the said plan on occasion. It is likewise very important to inform the kids about the plan and train them how to respond in such circumstances. Also, making evacuation plans in case of other phenomenon such as floods is also advisable. Being prepared can save lives.