Of the fifty-one states that comprise the United States, forty-one states possess a medium to high risk of earthquakes occurring. This is why regardless of where you live it would be a good idea to practice methods of earthquake preparedness.
California has the most frequent and damaging quakes while Alaska has the most quakes that occur in isolated locations. Earthquakes can occur any time of year. Each year, seventy-five quakes happen in the world.
Earthquake preparedness tips are different methods that are created to assist businesses, individuals, state and local governments in areas that are prone to earthquakes to prepare for and survive earthquakes. Being prepared for an earthquake involves knowing what to do before, during and after it occurs.
Don't forget if you come from a state that seldom or never has earthquakes and have moved to a state that has them frequently to learn how to earthquake proof your home. In areas that are accustomed to earthquakes you will have no problem finding instruction booklets or someone to help you.
There are a few things you can do to prepare your home for an earthquake. Here are are few you can keep in mind
Before a quake occurs, walk around your house and check the premises. Identify areas that need to be rearranged or repaired both indoors and outdoors. Take educated guesses about what the dangerous parts of your home may be. Carefully see if your shelves have all been fastened tightly, if you have faulty electric wires or gas connections that leak. Take steps to take care of all the installations that need repair immediately.
Keep a list of emergency contacts in many different parts of your house that is easily accessible. Better yet, have all members of your family memorize important contact numbers. Make an emergency supply kit that contains medicine, water, food, flashlights, a radio and batteries.
Your family may not be together during an earthquake. For this reason, create a plan regarding where to meet after a quake and make sure everyone understands and knows where it is.
During a quake, remember to drop, cover and hold on. Cover yourself against dangerous falling debris by getting under a piece heavy furniture. Cover your mouth with a cloth if you get stuck under debris and do not shout for help as this will cause you to breath a lot of dust into your lungs. Tap on pipes or other items near you to make noise so that rescuers can locate you.
Do not move until the earthquake stops. No matter what your instinct tells you, do not run for the door.
If you find yourself outdoors in an earthquake, move away from streetlights and buildings. Proceed to the most open area you can find. On the other hand, if you are in a car, stop quickly but safely. Try and find an open space to stop rather than near buildings.
After an earthquake, listen to the radio to find out if there will be aftershocks and other updates. Stay away from damaged areas. If you live by the coast, avoid the beach since you might now be at risk for a tsunami. If you live near mountains, now would be the time to watch out for landslides.
Practicing earthquake preparedness before an earthquake actually occurs will help reduce panic and successfully survive what could otherwise be a disasterous situation.